TTS 2012: Abstract submission now open !

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Please join the mailing list and follow us via Twitter @TTS2012 for latest information concerning the 24th International Congress of The Transplantation Society to be held in Berlin, Germany from July 15th - 19th 2012 !

CARS microscopy of MPIO

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Following a successful project sponsored by the BMBF G. Pless, I.M. Sauer and U. Rauen report on the "Improvement of the cold storage of isolated human hepatocytes" (Cell Transplant. 2011 Jun 7. [Epub ahead of print]).
Increasing amounts of human hepatocytes are needed for clinical applications and different fields of research, such as cell transplantation, bioartificial liver support and pharmacological testing. This demand calls for adequate storage options for isolated human liver cells. As cryopreservation results in severe cryoinjury, short term storage is currently performed at 2-8º C in preservation solutions developed for the storage of solid organs. However, besides slowing down cell metabolism, cold also induces cell injury, which is, in many cell types, iron-dependent and not counteracted by current storage solutions. In this study, we aimed to characterize storage injury to human hepatocytes and develop a customized solution for cold storage of these cells. Human hepatocytes were isolated from material obtained from partial liver resections, seeded in monolayer cultures and, after a pre-culture period, stored in the cold in classical and new solutions followed by rewarming in cell culture medium.Human hepatocytes displayed cold-induced injury, resulting in > 80% cell death (LDH release) after one week of cold storage in University of Wisconsin solution or cell culture medium and 3 h of rewarming. Cold-induced injury could be significantly reduced by the addition of the iron chelators deferoxamine and LK 614. Experiments with modified solutions based on the new organ preservation solution Custodiol-N showed that ion-rich variants were better than ion-poor variants, chloride-rich solutions better than chloride-poor solutions, potassium as main cation superior to sodium and pH 7.0 superior to pH 7.4. LDH release after two weeks of cold storage in the thus optimized solution was below 20%, greatly improving cold storage of human hepatocytes. The results were confirmed by the assessment of hepatocellular mitochondrial membrane potential and functional parameters (resazurin reduction, glucacon-stimulated glucose liberation) and thus suggest the use of a customized hepatocyte storage solution for the cold storage of these cells.

TTS 2012: Follow us via Twitter !

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The 24th International Congress of The Transplantation Society to be held in Berlin, Germany from July 15th - 19th 2012 is designed for physicians, surgeons, scientists and organ procurement personnel, who are interested in clinical and research aspects of solid organ, cell and tissue transplantation. The program is developed to encourage the exchange of new scientific and clinical information, and support an interchange of opinions regarding care and management issues, as well as socioeconomic, ethical and regulatory issues relevant to transplantation.
In addition to the classical types of scientific sessions including plenary sessions, symposia, workshops and poster presentations, we will also offer new types of scientific sessions within the Forum Futurum.
The Forum Futurum is a forum integrated in the congress that will take place on three days. Each day is assigned to a topic and the forum is dedicated to cutting-edge science in our field. The topics are Regenerative Medicine, Imaging and Tailored Pharmacotherapy.
The Forum Futurum is designed to be a highly interactive communication space where companies can introduce their products and conversations about the latest research are stirred. In a futuristic environment the Forum Futurum contributes to an extraordinary TTS 2012 Exhibition experience and will provide exhibitors the opportunity to highlight new product information to physicians and health care professionals. Enhance the educational element of your company's noteworthy products and services with a presentation in the Forum Futurum. The Forum Futurum provides exhibitors with a unique and effective marketing opportunity to hold live promotional presentations or activities designed to raise awareness of featured services and products.
The Forum Futurum will make its debut in the TTS 2012 Exhibit Hall, featuring experts from companies and scientific groups providing state-of-the-art content-led information about new technologies, products and ideas. The Forum Futurum will be open July 16th – July 18th. Every day is dedicated to one emerging field in transplantation:
Monday, July 16th, 2012: One Day on
Regenerative Medicine
Tuesday, July 17th, 2012: One Day on
Imaging
Wednesday, July 18th, 2012: One Day on
Tailored Pharmacotherapy

More information via
www.forum-futurum.org and www.transplantation2012.org !

Fast dynamic MRI for during liver cell Tx

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Micrometer-sized iron oxide particles (MPIOs) attract increasing interest as contrast agents for cellular tracking by clinical Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Despite the great potential of MPIOs for in vivo imaging of labeled cells, little is known on the intracellular localization of these particles following uptake due to the lack of techniques with the ability to monitor the particle uptake in vivo at single-cell level. Here, we show that coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy enables non-invasive, label-free imaging of MPIOs in living cells with sub-micron resolution in three dimensions. CARS allows simultaneous visualization of the cell framework and the MPIOs, where the particles can be readily distinguished from other cellular components of comparable dimensions, and localized inside the cell.
The fruitful cooperation with the FOM Institute AMOLF in Masterdam resulted in the paper "CARS microscopy for the visualization of micrometer-sized iron oxide MRI contrast agents in living cells" (Rago G, Langer CM, Brackman C, Day JP, Domke KF, Raschzok N, Schmidt C, Sauer IM, Enejder A, Mogl MT, Bonn M.) published in Biomed Opt Express. 2011 Sep 1;2(9):2470-83.

Improved cold storage of human hepatocytes

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As a first result of our latest projects concerning the role of miRNA in liver regeneration the American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology has accepted our paper "Temporal expression profiles indicate a primary function for microRNA during the peak of DNA replication after rat partial hepatectomy": The liver has the unique capacity to regenerate after surgical resection. However, the regulation of liver regeneration is not completely understood. Recent reports indicate an essential role for small non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) in the regulation of hepatic development, carcinogenesis, and early regeneration. We hypothesized that miRNAs are critically involved in all phases of liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy. We performed miRNA microarray analyses after 70% partial hepatectomy in rats under isoflurane anesthesia at different time points (0 hours - 5 days) and after sham laparotomy. Putative targets of differentially expressed miRNAs were determined using a bioinformatic approach. 2D-PAGE proteomic analyses and protein identification were performed on specimens at 0 and 24 hours after resection. The temporal dynamics of liver regeneration were characterized by BrdU, PCNA, IL-6, and HGF. We demonstrate that miRNA expression patterns changed during liver regeneration and that these changes were most evident during the peak of DNA replication at 24 hours after resection. Expression of thirteen miRNAs was significantly reduced 12-48 hours after resection (> 25% change), ouf of which downreguation was confirmed in isolated hepatocytes for 6 miRNAs at 24 hours, whereas three miRNAs were significantly upregulated. Proteomic analysis revealed 65 upregulated proteins; among them 23 represent putative targets of the differentially expressed miRNAs. We provide a temporal miRNA expression and proteomic dataset of the regenerating rat liver, which indicates a primary function for miRNA during the peak of DNA replication. These data will assist further functional studies on the role of miRNAs during liver regeneration. Authors are N. Raschzok, W. Werner, H. Sallmon, N. Billecke, C. Dame, P. Neuhaus and I.M. Sauer.

Profiles of microRNA after rat partial hepatectomy

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The website of the  24th International Congress of The Transplantation Society is online! Please go to www.transplantation2012.org for more information.
Following the exceptionally successful meetings in Boston, Sydney and Vancouver, we would like to welcome you to a city which twenty years after reunification has evolved into one of the most important capitals of Europe. Once the capital of Prussia and leading cultural centre of the 1920s, today the new capital of Germany is characterized by its dazzling modernity and breathtaking architecture. Berlin is young, dynamic and bursting with joie de vivre. Few cities has been shaped to such an extent by history and undergone as much major transformation as Berlin. “Berlin is always in the process of becoming”, remarked historian Karl Scheffler. Even in the 21st century transplantation still is in a process  of becoming, too.  Therefore, the 24th International Congress of The Transplantation Society will promote the dialogue of experts from around the world. An attractive scientific program will be developed together with the Deutsche Transplantationsgesellschaft (DTG).
The 24th Congress is designed for physicians, surgeons, scientists and organ procurement personnel, who are interested in clinical and research aspects of solid organ, cell and tissue transplantation. The program is developed to encourage the exchange of new scientific and clinical information, and and support an interchange of opinions regarding care and management issues, as well as socioeconomic, ethical and regulatory issues relevant to transplantation.
In addition to the classical types of scientific sessions including plenary sessions, symposia, workshops and poster presentations, we will also offer new types of scientific sessions within the
Forum Futurum focusing on Tailored Pharmacotherapy, Imaging and Regenerative Medicine. All of this is designed to develop a highly interactive forum to discuss cutting-edge science in our field.
We therefore cordially invite you and your colleagues together with your friends and family to come to Berlin. Your active participation in the scientific program will be the fundament for a successful event in 2012.

Labelling of hepatocytes in suspension culture

A multicompartment SlideReactor is shown at the exhibition “WeltWissen – World Knowledge”.
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This year, Berlin celebrates 200 years of the Humboldt University, 300 years of the Charité, 300 years since the first statute and first publication by the Academy of the Sciences and, one year later, 100 years of the Max Planck and Kaiser Wilhelm Society and the 350th birthday of the Berlin State Library. The exhibition “WeltWissen – World Knowledge” is the high point of the Berlin Year of Science. The Humboldt University, the Charité, the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of the Sciences and Humanities and the Max Planck Society have organised the exhibition as a unique joint project. The Technical University, the Berlin State Museums and the Deutsches Museum, Munich are involved as partners. From 24 September 2010 to 9 January 2011, Martin-Gropius-Bau will be host   ing its “WeltWissen“ (World Knowledge) exhibition which takes a look at 300 years of the science in Berlin from an all-embracing perspective that crosses institutions, disciplines and epochs. The exhibition is the high point of the Berlin Year of Science. On an exhibition space of more than 3,200 square metres, visitors are presented with over 1,500 original exhibits, installations and media stations. The Humboldt University, the Charité, the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of the Sciences and Humanities and the Max Planck Society have organised the exhibition as a unique joint project.
The exhibition correlates sciences in Berlin to the world: only the dynamic interplay of local imprinting and worldwide networking has allowed Berlin since 300 years to generate knowledge and share it with the world. Concrete and highly vivid stories and biographies of objects, researchers and institutions offer exciting insights into the scientific environment. “WeltWissen – World Knowledge” shows how scientists in Berlin work, how they network internationally, how they break down the boundaries of their departments and how they transformed Berlin into a scientific metropolis. 

WeltWissen. 300 Years of Science in Berlin 24 September 2010 – 9 January 2011  Martin-Gropius-Bau, Niederkirchnerstrasse 7, 10963 Berlin
Opening times: Wed - Mo: 10.00 am – 8.00 pm, closed on Tuesdays
Admission: 6 €, reduced 4€ . Free admission for children and adolescents up to an including 16 years of age, two escorts each per kindergarten group or school class as well as recipients of unemployment benefit level II 
Public transport: Underground line 2 (Potsdamer Platz), city train lines 1, 2, 25 (Potsdamer Platz or Anhalter Bahnhof), Buses: M29 (Anhalter Bahnhof) / M41 (Abgeordnetenhaus)
Please find more information at: www.weltwissen-berlin.de, www.gropiusbau.de

Copyright of upper,  large picture:
Roman März

Monitoring cell transplantation in swine model via MRI

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Nora Kammer's paper in Artificial Organs on "Labelling of primary human hepatocytes with micron-sized iron oxide particles in suspension culture suitable for large-scale preparation" is available pre-print. Co-authors are Nils Billecke, Mehmet H. Morgul, Michaela K. Adonopoulou, Martina Mogl, Mao D. Huang, Stefan Florek, Katharina R. L. Schmitt, Nathanael Raschzok and Igor M. Sauer.
Protocols for labelling of hepatocytes with micron-sized iron oxide particles (MPIO) in adhesion culture enable cell detection using clinical Magnetic Resonance equipment. For clinical applications, large numbers of cells must be labelled in a simple and rapid manner, which requires new labelling protocols. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of preparing MPIO-labelled primary human hepatocytes in a temporary suspension culture. Human hepatocytes were isolated from 16 donors and labelled with MPIO in suspension, using the Rotary Cell Culture System. Particle incorporation was investigated by light and electron microscopy. Cells were compared to adhesion culture-labelled and subsequently enzymatically resuspended cells. During a five-day culture period, hepatocyte-specific parameters of cell damage (aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase) and metabolic activity (urea and albumin) were analysed. Suspension cultures showed a higher outcome in cell recovery compared to the conventional labelling method. When incubated with 180 particles/cell for four hours, the mean particle uptake was 28.8 particles/cell at a labelling efficiency of 95.1%. Labelling in suspension had no adverse effects on cell integrity or metabolic activity. In conclusion, labelling in suspension is a practicable method for fast and efficient preparation of large numbers of labelled cells that are suitable for clinical applications.

TTS 2012: www.transplantation2012.org is online!

bme_summit_sep_2007Information via www.stiftung-charite.de/entrepreneurship .